Old age is often the usual cause of Spondylitis as well as breed susceptibility. Degeneration of the shock absorbing intervertebral discs causes abnormal movement along the vertebrae. The bony changes that take place to the vertebrae help to reinstate the stability to the spine.
During the initial stages of the disease no symptoms at all may be present. As the disease progresses then more and more issues may start to appear:
Spinal stiffness and lack of flexibility
Loss of Balance
Pain to tissue locally
Possible nerve root issues causing motor or sensory issues
Roaching or arching of the back when walking
This is a chronic disease developing over time. Instability in the spine caused by degeneration of the discs leads to the formation of bony spurs (also known as osteophytes) on the undersides of the vertebrae. Certain areas of the spine are more prone to Spondylitis than others.
The muscles that surround the spine will splint the instability which can lead to tightness and pain. Massage can help to restore normal tone and relieve the pain associated with this condition.